What are the different types of Carpet & Construction

If you own a home and are considering new carpet for the first time, you might be surprised by the number of different options you have. As you browse carpet swatches and contemplate which patterns will look best in your home, you need to also consider the type and construction of the carpet.

Carpet is constructed using various styles and fibers, with each approach and fabric bringing different benefits. You’ll need to consider these factors when comparing your carpet choices, lifestyle, and budget. Denver Carpet and Flooring wants you to make informed purchases, so we’ve laid out the basics of each carpet construction type below.

Cut Pile Carpet

Perhaps the most popular choice in carpet construction is cut pile. Cut pile construction consists of yarn that is twisted to varying levels to create durability. The type of fiber used and the density of tufts in the carpet can also impact its durability. Cut pile carpeting is ideal for use in high-traffic areas of your home, particularly when highly-twisted cut pile carpet is used.

Cut pile carpeting is available in four common twist types:

  • Textured plush: Hides footprints and vacuum marks well and is generally considered a good option throughout the home.
  • Saxony: Creates a refined surface and is good for living rooms and dining rooms.’
  • Frieze: Offers a curly appearance to the textured surface and is great in the highest traffic regions of your home (steps, hallways, entry areas) because it has an extreme twist.
  • Plush: This is the most luxurious feel available, but shows footprints and vacuum marks, making it ideal for low-traffic areas.

Loop Pile Carpet

This type of carpeting is created by looping carpet fibers at a uniform height throughout the carpet. Loop pile carpeting is a good choice in high-traffic areas of the home because of its strength. Berber carpet is a common example of loop pile carpeting. Overall, loop pile carpeting is considered extremely durable and is great for use in family rooms, basements, hallways and staircases.

Patterned Loop

Similar to the loop pile, the patterned loop construction technique uses two or three different loop heights to create pattern effects in your carpeting. Patterned loop carpeting offers good durability and a casual look that is ideal for use in family rooms and basements. The multi-colored appearance of patterned loop carpet helps hide traffic patterns in the home.

Cut-loop Pile

Last but not least, this carpet is the result of a combination of cut pile and loop pile construction. A variety of surface texture appearances can be created with varying sequences of cut pile construction and loop pile construction. This combination allows for the creation of square, chevron, and swirl patterns in the carpet. The multicolor effect of cut-loop pile carpet makes it great for use in rooms with direct access to the outdoors (walk-out family rooms, living rooms with deck access, front-entry areas) because it hides soil and stains effectively.

The Role of Different Fibers in Carpeting

In the US, there are five common fibers used in carpet construction: nylon, polyester, polypropylene, triexta, and wool. Synthetic fibers are the most commonly used fibers in carpet construction, but each one offers different benefits. Each fiber has different durability, abrasion resistance, texture retention, stain/soil resistance, and color clarity qualities that impact its value.

Denver Carpet and Flooring

If your head is spinning right now, don’t worry. Our professional sales team and installation experts are available to help you select the carpet that suits your home based upon construction and fiber. At Denver Carpet and Flooring, our top priority is finding the best carpeting for your home and your budget.